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Normally, cardiac structures function continuously, acting as a large pump. Ejection of blood is provided by alternate synchronous contraction of all chambers of the heart. Liquid connective tissue moves in one direction. from the upper to the ventricles, no reverse flow is observed. As a result of congenital genetic defects, acquired sclerosis of active tissues (replacement of affected areas with scars), a long inflammatory period, etc., blood is retained in the left atrium longer than it should be. Or regurgitation is observed (reflux of liquid connective tissue from the ventricle back).

In the long term, the chamber is stretched and the normal dimensions of the organ are violated.

  • This leads to a decrease in the release into the systemic circulation, the general and local hemodynamics decreases.
  • Remote tissues and systems suffer from a lack of oxygen and nutrients. The process of development of organ defects and functional insufficiency begins.
  • The expansion of the left atrium is typified by a group of bases. Based on the origin of the pathological process, they are isolated.
  • The share of such a condition in the total number of recorded clinical situations is 35-40%, this is a minority.
  • Pathological processes are diagnosed already at advanced stages, since a small patient is not able to formulate his complaints until he grows up, and parents interpret objective manifestations incorrectly due to inattention or lack of experience. The prospects for treatment in this regard are somewhat worse.
  • Caused by the course of a disease. An attentive patient can draw a causal relationship between the transferred condition and the development of dilatation symptoms, which is quite pronounced from the second stage.
  • Another basis for classification is the degree of pathological abnormalities. SootResponsibly they speak of 3 or 4 stages of the development of the disease.
  • It is formed as a result of a genetic factor, intrauterine defects and acquired conditions.
  • It is characterized by a complete absence of a clinical picture, which makes diagnosis a matter of chance.

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It is possible to identify the initial deformation of the organic plan using echocardiography. It doesn't take much skill to state a fact.

The determination of the root cause falls on the shoulders of the cardiologist, carried out with the help of a group of measures. At this stage, the process is diagnosed much more often. A bright non-specific picture is typical. shortness of breath, chest pain, arrhythmia. These are common signs of any condition associated with impaired functioning of the heart and blood vessels.


However, the chances of early diagnosis are high, which is good news for the patient. The prospects for a complete cure are already vague, but with a well-thought-out complex of therapy, the patient will not notice the difference. You can keep the process under full control. Pronounced dilatation of the left atrium. In some national classifications, it is considered an extreme degree.


  • It is determined by a bright clinical picture with a significant decrease in tolerance to physical activity, the inability to adequately work and perform household duties.
  • Gross organic defects are observed not only from the side of the heart, remote systems are also changed. The prospects for recovery are minimal. At the same time, life expectancy against the background of therapy rarely exceeds 3-4 years.
  • This stage occurs in the absence of treatment quickly enough. Approximate term - 4-8 years, sometimes less. Depends on the nature of the pathological process that gives rise to dilation. Palliative care is aimed at providing an acceptable, minimum possible level of well-being.
  • These classifications play an important role in the development of diagnostic tactics and further therapy. The condition threatens the development of a group of complications, among which. Inflammation of the myocardium. Formed as a result of stagnation of blood, malnutrition of muscles. Atrial fibrillation and then ventricular fibrillation.

It characterizes a pronounced arrhythmia, the work of cardiac structures is disturbed. The parallel course of the two processes determines the increased risk of death. The formation of blood clots, blockage of large vessels by a blood clot. A typical consequence of dilatation, since stagnation of blood contributes to its thickening.